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Posted on 10-30-2015

Many people are not aware of the "ins and outs" on lyme disease. The one I am finding is the most prominent is that ticks are not found during the fall months. This is a nice little article going through the facts and how you can protect your pets as well as yourself!

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Lyme Disease: Pets, Prevention and You.
It’s high time for ticks to strike in Canada, and incidents of
Lyme disease are on the rise. Staying informed about ticks,
knowing the risks and focusing on prevention can help keep
your pet – and your family – safe from Lyme disease this
season.


First, get to know their habitat; ticks love to dwell in wooded,
grassy areas, especially thick underbrush. Some outdoor
jobs and recreational activities, like landscaping, farming,
hiking, hunting and fishing, can put you or your pet at a
higher risk. When it comes to the transmission of Lyme
disease, Ixodes scapularis, or “deer ticks”, are the usual
suspects. Adult deer ticks are especially active in mid-to-late
fall. These pests cannot jump or fly, but are skilled at latching
onto a host at ground level and crawling upward to find
exposed skin. And despite what many people think, dogs do
not give Lyme disease to people; humans are at risk only if
bitten by an infected tick.


While all Canadians are at risk for Lyme disease, eastern
Canada has reported the highest rate of infection across the
country. Lyme disease is often misdiagnosed, during the
stage when it’s easiest to treat. Infection risk is present yearround,
but be aware that you and your pet are most prone to
Lyme disease from May through September. In addition,
keep in mind that ticks are more than just a springtime
hazard. If fall temperatures remain mild, ticks can peak again
in October or November.1


In fact, certain species of ticks may display increased activity
at different times throughout the spring, then again in the fall.
In particular, a study from Ontario shows primarily I.
scapularis ticks peaking first in the spring months, then a
second time in November.2


Climate change is also projected to be a factor in the overall
tick prevalence. It is speculated that in the next 80 years, the
total area of land suitable for ticks and their hosts will
increase by 68.9% in North America.3 In Canada, that
number is estimated at a 212.9% increase.3 This means that
warmer temperatures will invite an influx of ticks well into the
fall months over a greater geographic area, creating an even
more urgent need for vigilance and yearly pet vaccination.
To protect yourself from ticks, wear long pants and long-

There are several methods for
removing ticks.
For a full list, consult the
Canadian Lyme Disease
Foundation at
http://canlyme.com/lymebasics/
tick-removal/.
Most commonly, ticks can be
removed using fine-pointed
tweezers or a tick removal device,
grasping the tick as close as
possible to the skin surface, and
pulling straight outward. Once the
tick is out, it’s important to wash
the bite with soap and water and
treat it with an antiseptic.
If the tick that bit you or your
pet is a Lyme-carrying species
or if you are unsure, consult your
doctor or veterinarian
immediately. Symptoms of Lyme
disease may not present right
away, but early detection can aid
in a successful treatment. If you
experience headaches, body
aches, fever or congestion, or
notice your dog behaving
differently, seek medical or
veterinary care immediately. If left
untreated, Lyme disease can
cause irrevocable damage to the
joints, nervous system and more.
sleeved shirts, and tuck your pants into your socks. Wearing
light coloured clothing makes ticks easier to see. It may also
be helpful to walk with a partner who can watch for ticks on
you or your pet. Try to stay on clear, unobstructed trails, and
away from the fringe area between the woods and open land.
Spraying an insect repellant on your body and clothing can
also deter ticks however consult product caution statements
before using, especially on young children. Immediately after
being outside in tick-infested areas, check your clothes and
body, as well as your pet’s body, for ticks. If you discover one
or more ticks attached, proper removal is essential.

Remember, Lyme disease cannot
be easily cured – but it can be
prevented. Stay informed, follow
these simple steps for prevention,
and ask your veterinarian about
protecting your dog(s) from Lyme
disease with yearly vaccination
and a monthly tick control product
today!

References:
1 Ogden NH, Trudel L, Artsob H, et al. Ixodes scapularis ticks collected by passive surveillance in Canada: Analysis of geographic distribution and infection with Lyme
borreliosis agent Borrelia burgdorferi. J. Med. Entomol. 2006;43(3):600-609.
2 Nelder MP, Russell C, Lindsay LR, et al. Population-based passive tick surveillance and detection of expanding foci of blacklegged ticks Ixodes scapularis and the Lyme
disease agent Borrelia burgdorferi in Ontario, Canada. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(8).
3 Brownstein JS, Holford TR, Fish D. Effect of climate change on Lyme disease risk in North America. Ecohealth. 2005;2(1):38–46.
NEX-15-1073-TCK/NWSLTR (E) XCN244785

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